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GRAHAM HOLDINGS CO filed this Form 10-K on 02/23/2018
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loss carryforwards and other deferred tax assets will not be realized. The Company has established valuation allowances against state income tax benefits recognized, without considering potentially offsetting deferred tax liabilities established with respect to prepaid pension cost and goodwill. Prepaid pension cost and goodwill have not been considered a source of future taxable income for realizing deferred tax benefits recognized since these temporary differences are not likely to reverse in the foreseeable future. The valuation allowances established against state and non-U.S. income tax benefits recorded may increase or decrease within the next 12 months, based on operating results, the market value of investment holdings or business and tax planning strategies; as a result, the Company is unable to estimate the potential tax impact, given the uncertain operating and market environment. The Company will be monitoring future operating results and projected future operating results on a quarterly basis to determine whether the valuation allowances provided against state and non-U.S. deferred tax assets should be increased or decreased, as future circumstances warrant. The Company anticipates that the education division may release valuation allowances against state deferred tax assets of approximately $22.7 million within the next 12 months, as the education division may generate positive operating results which would support the realization of these deferred tax assets.
Uncertain Tax Positions
The Company recognizes a tax benefit from an uncertain tax position when it is more likely than not that the position will be sustained upon examination, including resolutions of any related to appeals or litigation processes based on the technical merits. The Company records a liability for the difference between the benefit recognized and measured for financial statement purposes and the tax position taken or expected to be taken on the Company’s tax return. Changes in the estimate are recorded in the period in which such termination is made. However, due to lapse of statutes of limitations, the Company expects that approximately $15.7 million of the unrecognized tax benefits will be recognized, and the Company will record a $3.5 million state tax benefit, net of $0.7 million federal tax expense during 2018. Subsequently, the Company expects that a $1.7 million state tax benefit, net of $0.4 million federal tax expense, will reduce the effective tax rate in the future if recognized.
The Company classifies interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions as a component of interest and other expenses, respectively. As of December 31, 2017, the Company has accrued $1.1 million of interest related to the unrecognized tax benefits. The Company has not accrued any penalties related to the unrecognized tax benefits.
Tax Cuts and Jobs Act
The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the Tax Act) was enacted in December 2017. The Tax Act significantly changes U.S. tax law by, among other things, imposing a one-time transition tax on historic earnings of foreign subsidiaries; effective January 1, 2018, lowering the U.S. Federal corporate income tax rate from 35% to 21%; imposing current U.S. taxes on certain non-U.S. profits (depending on how the new tax law will apply to the facts and circumstances of each taxpayer), and at the same time generally allowing overseas cash to be repatriated to the U.S. tax-free. The SEC staff issued Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 118 (SAB 118) to address the application of U.S. GAAP in situations when a registrant does not have the necessary information available, prepared, or analyzed (including computations) in reasonable detail to complete the accounting for certain income tax effects of the Tax Act. SAB 118 allows the registrant to record provisional amounts during a measurement period not to extend beyond one year of the enactment date. The Company has not recognized any provisional tax expense related to the one-time transition tax, and recognized provisional tax benefits on the revaluation of deferred tax balances and included these estimates in its Consolidated Financial Statements for the year ended December 31, 2017. The ultimate impact may materially differ from these provisional amounts due to, among other things, additional analysis, changes in interpretations and assumptions the Company made, additional regulatory guidance that may be issued, and actions the Company may take as a result of the Tax Act. The Company expects to complete its analysis within the measurement period in accordance with SAB 118.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements.  See Note 2 to the Company’s Consolidated Financial Statements for a discussion of recent accounting pronouncements.