KHE results, excluding the impairment charge, include revenue and operating losses (including restructuring charges) related to all KHE Campuses, those sold or closed, including Mount Washington College and Bauder College, as follows:
In 2016, KHE revenue declined 27% due to the campus sales and closings, and declines in average enrollments at Kaplan University, offset by increased revenues at the domestic professional and other continuing education businesses. KHE operating income improved in 2016 due to reduced losses at the KHE Campuses business and lower restructuring costs, lower marketing expenditures at Kaplan University and improved results at the domestic professional and other continuing education businesses, partially offset by lower enrollment at Kaplan University.
New higher education student enrollments at Kaplan University declined 22% in 2016 due to lower demand across Kaplan University programs. Total students at Kaplan University were 32,167 at December 31, 2016, down 19% from December 31, 2015.
Kaplan University higher education student enrollments by certificate and degree programs are as follows:
As of December 31
Kaplan Test Preparation (KTP) includes Kaplan’s standardized test preparation and new economy skills training programs. KTP revenue declined 5% in 2016. Enrollments, excluding the new economy skills training offerings, were down 3% in 2016. In comparison to 2015, KTP operating results declined in 2016 due to investment in new economy skills training programs and lower revenues from a change in the enrollment mix to lower priced programs. Operating losses for the new economy skills training programs were $13.0 million and $8.5 million for 2016 and 2015, respectively.
Kaplan International includes English-language programs and postsecondary education and professional training businesses largely outside the United States. In the first quarter of 2016, Kaplan acquired Mander Portman Woodward, a leading provider of high-quality, bespoke education to U.K. and international students in London, Cambridge and Birmingham; and Osborne Books, an education publisher of learning resources for accounting qualifications in the U.K.
Kaplan International revenue declined 10% in 2016, of which 6% is due to currency fluctuations. The remaining decrease is due to enrollment declines in English-language and Pathways programs. Revenue growth from the 2016 acquisitions was largely offset by revenue declines due to prior year dispositions.
Kaplan International operating income decreased 10% in 2016, due largely to the reduced English-language and Pathways results and increased restructuring costs, partially offset by operating income from newly acquired businesses. The impact of currency fluctuations on comparative operating results was insignificant for 2016. Restructuring costs at Kaplan International totaled $4.7 million and $1.3 million in 2016 and 2015, respectively.
Kaplan corporate and other represents unallocated expenses of Kaplan, Inc.’s corporate office, other minor businesses and certain shared activities. In 2015, Kaplan corporate recorded $29.4 million in restructuring costs. In 2016, Kaplan corporate expenses also declined due to the benefits from restructuring activities and a reduction in incentive compensation expense. Also, 2015 spending for the replacement of its human resources system did not recur in 2016.
In addition to the impairment charges of $255.5 million related to KHE recorded in the second and third quarters of 2015, Kaplan recorded an additional $1.4 million in noncash intangible and other long-lived assets impairment charges in the fourth quarter of 2015, related to businesses at KTP and Kaplan International.
In the first quarter of 2016, Kaplan sold Colloquy, which was part of Kaplan corporate and other, for a gain of $18.9 million that is included in other non-operating income.