RESULTS OF OPERATIONS — 2017 COMPARED TO 2016
Net income attributable to common shares was $302.0 million ($53.89 per share) for the year ended December 31, 2017, compared to $168.6 million ($29.80 per share) for the year ended December 31, 2016. The Company’s results for 2017 include a significant net deferred income tax benefit related to the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act legislation enacted in December 2017.
Items included in the Company’s net income for 2017 are listed below:
$10.0 million in restructuring charges at the education division (after-tax impact of $6.3 million, or $1.12 per share);
a $9.2 million goodwill and other long-lived asset impairment charge in other businesses (after-tax impact of $5.8 million, or $1.03 per share);
$3.3 million in non-operating foreign currency gains (after-tax impact of $2.1 million, or $0.37 per share);
$177.5 million in net deferred tax benefits related to the enactment of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act in December 2017 ($31.68 per share); and
$5.9 million in income tax benefits related to stock compensation ($1.06 per share).
Items included in the Company’s net income for 2016 are listed below:
an $18.0 million gain related to a bulk lump sum pension program offering (after-tax impact of $10.8 million, or $1.92 per share);
$11.9 million in restructuring charges at the education division (after-tax impact of $7.7 million, or $1.36 per share);
$16.8 million in net non-operating gains from the sales of assets and write-downs of cost and equity method investments (after tax impact of $9.5 million, or $1.62 per share);
$39.9 million in non-operating foreign currency losses (after-tax impact of $25.5 million, or $4.51 per share); and
a net nonrecurring $13.9 million deferred tax benefit related to Kaplan ($2.47 per share).
Revenue for 2017 was $2,591.8 million, up 4% from $2,481.9 million in 2016. Revenues increased in other businesses, offset by a decline at the education division.
In 2017, education revenue was down by 5%, advertising revenue decreased 8% and other revenue increased 39%. The revenue declines at Kaplan account for the reported education revenue decline. The decline in advertising revenue was due to significant political and Olympics-related advertising at the television broadcasting division in 2016. The increase in other revenues was due primarily to the inclusion of revenues from the Hoover acquisition in 2017.
Operating costs and expenses for the year increased 9% to $2,382.7 million in 2017, from $2,178.4 million in 2016. Expenses were higher due to increased network fees at the television broadcasting division in 2017, and increased expenses at other businesses as a result of the Hoover acquisition, partially offset by lower expenses at the education division due to overall declines in business activity.
The Company reported operating income for 2017 of $209.1 million, a decrease of 31%, from $303.5 million in 2016. Operating results declined at the television broadcasting and education divisions and in other businesses.
On April 27, 2017, certain Kaplan subsidiaries entered into a Contribution and Transfer Agreement (Transfer Agreement) to contribute Kaplan University (KU), its institutional assets and operations to a new, non-profit, public-benefit corporation affiliated with Purdue University (Purdue) in exchange for a Transition and Operations Support Agreement (TOSA) to provide key non-academic operations support to the new university for an initial term of 30 years with a buy-out option after six years. The transfer does not include any of the assets of Kaplan University School of Professional and Continuing Education (KU-PACE), which provides professional training and exam preparation for professional certifications and licensures, nor does it include the transfer of other Kaplan businesses such as Kaplan Test Preparation and Kaplan International.
Consummation of the transactions contemplated by the Transfer Agreement is subject to various closing conditions, including, among others, regulatory approvals from the U.S. Department of Education (ED), the Indiana Commission for Higher Education (ICHE) and the Higher Learning Commission (HLC), which is the regional accreditor of both Purdue and KU, and certain other state educational agencies and accreditors of programs. In the third quarter of 2017, ICHE granted its approval and the ED provided preliminary approval based on its review of a pre-acquisition application, subject to certain conditions. Kaplan is unable to predict with certainty when and if HLC